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CLA

CLA

What is it?

Conjugated Linoleic Acid (CLA) is a fatty acid derived from the essential fatty acid Linoleic Acid. CLA is found predominantly in dairy products and some meats and appears to be a fat with some unique effects on the metabolism of animals and (hopefully) people.

What is it supposed to do?

CLA has been sold as both a fat loss supplement and as a sports nutrition product for adding muscle. The sellers of CLA focus on the fact that in animals such as rats and mice, CLA causes rats and mice to lose bodyfat while adding lean tissue (i.e. muscle).

Like so many products, CLA may have legitimate health uses. CLA can be found as different isomers (i.e., cis-9/trans-11 and trans-10/cis-12 isomers) and recent research suggests different isomers are responsible for different effects, such as anti cancer, anti obesity, etc.

For more detailed information, including effectiveness, dosages, possible side effects as well as independent science based reviews of over 60 weight loss ingredients we recommend the well respected Will Brink’s supplement review module found in his complete Fat Loss Revealed program.

Visit this site for further details:

www.fatlossrevealed.com/diet-ingredients

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L-Carnitine

L-Carnitine

What is it?

L-Carnitine is an amino acid like substance the body synthesizes from the amino acid Lysine. The vitamins B-6, niacin, C, with iron and the amino acid methionine are required for production of carnitine in the body. The major dietary source of carnitine comes from animal meats, especially red meats (i.e. steak from cows, lamb and sheep). Carnitine has many functions in the human body, but is best known for its ability to shuttle long chain fatty acids across the membrane of cells so they can be burned (oxidized) for energy by the mitochondria.

Mitochondria are often referred to as the “power house” of cells where energy is produced. The actual process of how carnitine shuttles fatty acids to the mitochondria is fairly complex and detailed. Suffice to say, it involves several enzymes and steps before the fats you want to burn end up being utilized by the mitochondria. So, the carnitine shuttle system is essential for the body to be able to burn fats as energy, and this information can be found in any decent biochemistry text book.

What is it supposed to do?

As the above section mentions, carnitine is sold in hopes that it will help the body shuttle more fatty acids into cells to be used as energy rather than stored as abdominal blurring blubber. The idea is that taking in additional carnitine will supposedly help the body burn more fat for energy and make dieting more effective. Carnitine is also sold as a sports supplement for increasing energy and may have several medical uses. The concept is pretty straight forward, but does it actually work?

For more detailed information, including effectiveness, dosages, possible side effects as well as independent science based reviews of over 60 weight loss ingredients we recommend the well respected Will Brink’s supplement review module found in his complete Fat Loss Revealed program.

Visit this site for further details:

www.fatlossrevealed.com/diet-ingredients

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Glucomannan

Glucomannan

What is it?

Glucomannan (GM) is a highly purified water-soluble dietary fiber that is derived from the konjac root (Amorphophallus konjac) also known as elephant yam.

What is it supposed to do?

(GM) is a very soluble and highly viscous dietary fiber that, like any fiber, adds bulk to the diet. Evidence suggests that GM exerts some of its beneficial effects by promoting satiety, and perhaps, the release of certain hormones involved in satiety (e.g., CCK, etc). GM has a extraordinarily high water holding capacity, forming highly viscous solutions when dissolved in water. It has the highest molecular weight and viscosity of any known dietary fiber. What that means in plain English is that GM absorbs a huge amount of water which causes it to expand. That expansion leads to a feeling of fullness or satiety. Of course this is the effect seen with fiber in general and foods high in fiber, thus why higher fiber diets are recommended in general when trying to lose weight. Like other forms of dietary fiber, GM is a “bulk-forming fiber” so it comes as no surprise that it makes for an effective laxative. As is the nature of fiber in the diet, GM may help with blood sugar regulation, reduce cholesterol levels and other blood carried lipids, and increase satiety (by increasing bulk in the stomach) which can lead to reduced calorie intakes.

For more detailed information, including effectiveness, dosages, possible side effects as well as independent science based reviews of over 60 weight loss ingredients we recommend the well respected Will Brink’s supplement review module found in his complete Fat Loss Revealed program.

Visit this site for further details:

www.fatlossrevealed.com/diet-ingredients

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Green Tea Extract

Green Tea Extract

What is it?
Green tea has been used in China, India, and other eastern countries–both as a beverage and medicinally¬–for centuries. In the west, black tea is by far the more common tea, but green tea is making great strides as a beverage in the west. Green tea is prepared by steaming the leaves then allowing the leaves to dry, while black tea has an added step in that it is allowed to ferment. Because green tea is not allowed to ferment, green tea contains many compounds that would other wise be lost during the fermentation process. Both forms of tea contain caffeine. In recent years, companies have now been offering green tea extracts, which highly concentrate the active compounds in green tea.

What is it supposed to do?

From a weight loss point of view, green tea extracts may offer some real benefits to the dieter. Green tea and green tea extracts do contain small amount of caffeine. Caffeine is known to increase energy levels, help the body to liberate stored body fat for energy, and other functions well known to most people .

Although caffeine alone has the above properties, recent studies have shown green tea may be superior to simple caffeine for liberating stored body fat as a fuel and may be superior to simple caffeine for energy levels and enhanced metabolic rate. Studies have found that the catachins in green tea inhibit the enzyme that breaks down norepinephrine (catechol O-methyltransferase), while caffeine inhibits the cyclic AMP degrading enzymes (phosphodiesterases); also green tea extract may have a greater effect on thermogenesis. It should also be highly synergistic when combined with other thermogenic compounds.

For more detailed information, including effectiveness, dosages, possible side effects as well as independent science based reviews of over 60 weight loss ingredients we recommend the well respected Will Brink’s supplement review module found in his complete Fat Loss Revealed program.

Visit this site for further details:

www.fatlossrevealed.com/diet-ingredients

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Citrus Aurantium

Synephrine / Citrus Aurantium

What is it?

Synephrine is derived from Citrus Aurantium, a.k.a, bitter orange or zhi shi. Synephrine is quite similar in chemical structure to compounds such as ephedrine (see ephedrine/caffeine section for a description of ephedrine) and pseudo-ephedrine, which makes it a stimulant and beta agonist.

What is it supposed to do?

Companies selling synephrine generally make the claim it has the same metabolic effects as ephedrine and other beta agonists (i.e. increased metabolic rate, weight loss, etc.) but without the side effects of ephedrine. Although citrus aurantium extracts contain synephrine, they also contain other potentially active compounds such as N-methyltyramine, hordenine, octopamine, and tyramine.

The major claim by companies regarding synephrine is because the active compounds in citrus aurantium stimulate Beta-3 receptors, (but not the Beta 1, or Beta 2 receptors), the negative effects of ephedrine and other stimulants are avoided while an increased metabolic rate takes place.

Beta-3 receptors are concentrated in what is called “Brown Adipose Tissue” or BAT, which is more metabolically active than “regular” white fat and is involved in metabolic rate and other functions, though Beta-3 receptors are expressed in much smaller amounts in both muscle and white fat.

BAT differs from white fat not just in color. BAT has a large number of mitochondria (the part of the cell where energy is produced) that contain something called “uncoupling protein,” which can stimulate oxidative phosphorylization and thereby increase metabolic rate. BAT is present to oxidize lipids (i.e. burn fat) in order to produce heat and rid the body of excess adipose tissue (i.e. blubber, fat, lard, or what ever you want to call it).

Let’s get a little more technical: agonizing (stimulating) the beta-3 receptor found in BAT, activates adenylate cyclase, which increases intracellular concentrations of cyclic AMP and results in increase lipolysis and thermogenesis. Got all that? If not, don’t worry…For more detailed information, including effectiveness, dosages, possible side effects as well as independent science based reviews of over 60 weight loss ingredients we recommend the well respected Will Brink’s supplement review module found in his complete Fat Loss Revealed program.

Visit this site for further details:

www.fatlossrevealed.com/diet-ingredients

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